exam questions 12

Which of these develops from the Wolffian-system in the fetus

  • The fallopian tubes
  • The upper one-third of the vagina
  • The scrotum
  • The epididymis

At birth, with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome are almost always labeled

  • Female
  • Male
  • Androgynous
  • Intersexual

Normally, a mature sperm, like a mature egg cell, contains

  • 46 chromosome pairs
  • 23 chromosome pairs
  • 23 chromosomes
  • 46 chromosomes

What is mitosis?

  • The process by which one body cell becomes two identical cells
  • The connections between the chromosomes and the genes a person inherits
  • The period of prenatal development from conception until birth
  • The process by which germs cells divide to produce ova and sperm

Soon after they differentiate in the fets, the tests begin to manufacture two substances, both of which affect development of the genitalia. Those two substance are

  • Testosterone and wolffian-inhibiting substance (WIS)
  • Estrogen and wolffian-inhibiting substance (WIS)
  • Testosterone and estradiol
  • Testosterone and mullerian-inhibiting substance (MIS

Prentally, in most males the labioscrotal fold fuse (join together) to become the

  • Scrotum
  • Inner surface of the urethral tube
  • Penis
  • Wolffian ducts

On average, women perform better than men in ___ problem solving–skills, but men tend to perform better than women with ___

  • Visual-spatial; tests of fine motor control
  • Verbal; describing emotions
  • visual -spatial; verbal skills like crossword puzzles
  • Verbal; visual-spatial problems

The mullerian ducts develop into all of the following EXCEPT the

  • Uterus
  • Ovaries
  • Upper â…” of the vagina
  • Fallopian tubes

Which hormone has the most direct effect of the development of the external male genitalia (penis and scrotum) before birth?

  • Estradiol
  • Progesterone
  • Dihydrotesterone (DHT)
  • Testosterone

By definition, a genetic male who is sexually aroused by fantasies of his own body being female is

  • A homosexual transsexual
  • Gyneandrophilis
  • Autogynephilic
  • A homosexual transgenderist
  • Semi Androphilic

Three of the following statemts about trajssexual surgery (gender confirmation surgery) are mostly true. Which one if not true?

  • The hormone treatments and surgery creat the bodily appearabce of the target sex
  • Male-to-female gential surgeries typically produce more realistic results than female-to male surgeries
  • After each surgery, many trans people can participate in sexual activity and have orgasms
  • After such surgery, trans people who went in the male-to-female direction can bear children in their uterus (using donor eggs and sperm)

According to professor sandra bem, psychological androgyny is defined as

  • Having schema (mental construct or generalization) that represent masculine and feminine characteristics as opposites
  • The belief that oneâ€s gender identity is both male and female female (“gender queer”)
  • Having both stereotypically masculine and stereotypically feminine traits
  • Having brain structures of both males and females

The genetic sex of a child is determined by chromosomes in its

  • Grade point average
  • Autosomes
  • Motherâ€s ovum
  • Fatherâ€s sperm
  • Zona pellucida

Which of these points did out guest speaker van discuss in his gender lecture?

  • Why being molested by his aunt had no effect on his being transgender
  • How his sibiling, who was born a boy, grew up to be a male-to-female transsexual (maybe)
  • The emotional pain when he discovered that his siter had written a religious booklet about why strict christians should not accept transgender rights
  • Men and womenâ€s bathroom behaviors are very different

In 1973, the american psychiatric associa removed which of the following conditions from its official list of mental disorders (the DSM)?

  • Homosexuality
  • Transsexualism
  • Transvestism
  • Childhood gender nonconformity

One the phil donahue show video, dr. weinrich ended up in the same side of the argument as

  • Dotson rader, who had done research on young street prostitutes
  • John de cecco, editor of a scholarly journal
  • Frank aqueno, a perfomance artist who insisted that he chose to be gay
  • Simin levay, who studied the INAH-3 in the braina

Whose theory claimed that gay men became gay become of “castration anxiety”?

  • Sigmund freud
  • William masters (and, to a lesser extent, virgina johnson)
  • Alfred kinsey
  • Magnus hirschfeld

Homosexuality in ancient greece was

  • Very similar to homosexuality in native american hunter-gatheres
  • More common among lesbian (like sappho) than among men
  • Typically associated with childhood and adult gender nonconformity
  • Widely accepted and often integrated into the social structure

What event marked the beginning of the gay liberation movement?

  • The appointment of sexretly gay FBI head J. Edgar Hoover
  • The assassiantion of John f. Kennedy
  • The oremiere if the TV series queer eye for the straight guy
  • The watts riots
  • The stonewall riots

LeVay (1991) examined the volume of the INAH-3 region of the hypothalamis in homosexual males, heterosexual males, and heterosexual women. He found that

  • The regions were the same size in the all three groups
  • Heterosexual women had the highest volume in that region
  • Heterosexual men had a higher volume in that regin than homosexual men had
  • Homosexual men had a higher vilume in that region than did heterosexual men

Whixh donohue show panelist alientad many (or most) of the members of the audience when he said that he chose to be gay because he lernedat an early age that “women were not my equal”

  • John de cecco, editor of a scholarly journal
  • Dotson rader, freelance write
  • Simon levay, from the salk institute
  • Frank aquino, performance artist

The kinsey scale if measure of

  • Penis length, recorded by the subject on a postcard after he returned home after the kinsey interview
  • Sexual orientation, ranging rom 0 (exclusively heterosexual) to 6 (exclusively homosexual)
  • Total sexual outlet (the total number of orgasms in a particular time period)
  • masculinity/femininity with 1 dimension

What are androphilia and gynephilia

  • Gonadotropic hormones more influential in men and in women, respectively
  • Medical terms for cancer of the testes and ovaries
  • New, politically correct terms for :gay” and “straight,” respectively
  • Professor kurt freundâ€s terms for attraction to menâ€s body types and womenâ€s body types, respectively

Researchers have found evidence in favor of biologal predispositions for homosexuality in which if the following areas?

  • All of these areas have provided some evidence of such biological predispositions
  • Structure of the hypothalamus
  • Prenatal hormones
  • Genetic studies of the X chromosome

Which if the following variables is most strongly associated with sdult homosexuality

  • Childhood gender nonconformity
  • Sex hormone imbalances in adulthood (but not childhood)
  • None of these area significantly associated with sexual orientation
  • Sexual molestation in childhood by an adult of the same sex

Homosexual behavior in animals

  • none of these is true
  • Is not really preference of the animals involves
  • Is usually dominance behavior of no erotic significant
  • Is extremely rare

Which researhcer claimed to be able to change homosexual or bisexual oeirnations to a heterosexual orientation, but probably falsified their data (according to Dr. Weinrichâ€s lecture)

  • Robin fox
  • John gagnon
  • William masters (of masters and johnson)
  • David mcwhirter

Until a supreme court decision in 2003, under what laws were homosexuals generally prosecuted in the united states?

  • Larceny laws
  • Felonious assault laws
  • Sodomy laws
  • Discrimiation laws

The storms (1980) model of sexual orientation is different from the kinset continuum model in that it includes which additional category (besides heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual)

  • Asexual
  • Pansexuals
  • Autosexuals
  • Ambisexual

Which populations tend to have moderate to high levels of biphobia

  • Both heterosexual populations and homosexual populations
  • heterosexual populations but not homosexual populations
  • homosexual populations but not heterosexual populations
  • Neither homosexual populations nor heterosexual populations

Christine jorgensen was

  • A male-to-femal transsexual
  • The first female physician to gather secual orientation data from american women
  • A gay drag queen entertainer whose real name was jorg christianson
  • The owner of the stonewall inn, a famous gay bar in new york

Carl has been in prison for 2 years and has had sexx with men many times in prison. He is a heterosexual populations and has homosexual relations only because he has no opportunities for heterosexual contact. This is called

  • Reflective bisexuality
  • Heterosexism
  • Homophobia
  • Situtional homosexuality

Which of the following is not one of hendrick and hendrickâ€s “style of love”?

  • Pragma (logical love)
  • Ludus (game-playing love)
  • Agape (selfless love)
  • Eors (passionate, romantic love)
  • Fidelius (faithfulness)
  • Mania (possessive, excited love)
  • Stronge (friendship)

According to dr. weinrichâ€s lecture about attraction and love, wedding rings first symbolized the husband possessing the wife; what were the usually made of

  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Leather
  • Platinum
  • Iron

Suzan married Bob because he is of the same race/ethnicity, has a similar education, and participated at suzanâ€s lunch. This is an example of

  • Polugamy
  • Simogamy
  • Ontogeny
  • Homogamy

Researchers have studied many chemicals in research in the biological mechanism of love. Which of the following have they studies

  • Dopamine
  • Endorphins
  • Oxytocin
  • All of these chemical are being studied for their role in feelings of love

According to dr. weinrichâ€s lecture, what word did dorothy trnnoc create in order to describe a type of love that characterized by preoccupation, acute longing, exaggeration of good qualities, overlooking bad qualities, and seesawing emotion

  • Lovulance
  • Lavishment
  • Luster
  • Limerence

What physical traits in women are most lesbians attracted to, according to the textbook?

  • Women with large breasts
  • All of these
  • Women who are heavy
  • Women with a waist-to-hip ratio of approximately 0.7

The three sides of sterbergâ€s love triangle are

  • Passion, commitment, and intimacy
  • Limerence, lust, and liberty
  • Erotic love, fatuous love, and consummate love
  • Id, ego, and superego

Which of the following statements is true about cultural attitudes toward female weight?

  • Wide hips are valued in very few cultures
  • Thin, muscular-abdomen figures are valued in most cultures in history
  • In our culture, anorexic(extreme) thinness is preferred by most men
  • Some preliterate societies value plump (heavy) women

Sometimes people have relationshipns in sex and marriage with others who are similar to themselves, and sometimes they donâ€t. Generally speaking, which of the following items, is similar when two people have a sexual and/or marriage relationship in our culture

  • All of these tend to be similar
  • Ethnicity (race, color, ancestors, etc)
  • Educational level
  • Age

In animals, the vomeronasal organ detects

  • Genotypes
  • Pheromones
  • Hormones
  • Orientation in space (which way is up)

According to one the “truth of fiction” items that turned out to be true, rating of someone’s attractiveness tend to be higher if the person is

  • Looking confident
  • smiling
  • Laughing
  • Not looking down

It is common sense that “opposite attract,” but it is also common sense that :birds of a feather flock together” (similar people attract each other). For erotic attraction and getting married, which of these is more often true (according to your textbook)

  • Both statements tend to be true
  • “Opposite attract” tends to be true
  • “Birds of a feather flock together” tends to be true
  • Neither statement is true. We cannot predict attraction because it is a mystery

Aging women experience many changes in exual functionning. Including 3 og the 4 listed belows. Which of the following is not usually experienced by aging women?

  • Increased desire for sexual relations
  • Smaller increases in breast size during sexual arousal
  • Vaginal walls that are less elastic
  • Less vaginal lubrication

What is the most likely effect of having an infant sleep in a parents bed (co-sleeping)? Although some pediatricians disagree, according to scholarly=by researchers cited in the textbook

  • Co-sleeping does not have harmful effects
  • Parents who co-sleep with their infants usually have emotional problems
  • Co-sleeping with parents is likely to inhibit (hold back) a childâ€s sexual functioning as an adult
  • Adults with emotional problems are more likely to report a history of co-sleeping during childhood

Concerning eroticism in infant boys and infant girls, which of the following if true

  • Girls can product vsginsl lubrication, but boys cannot have erections
  • Boys can have erections, but girls cannot produce vaginsl lubricationd
  • Girls cannot produce vaginsl lubrication, and boys cannot have erections
  • Girls can produce vaginal lubricants (although it can be difficult to detect), and boys can have erections

Suzzette is a 4 years old girl who insists that although girls can group up to be nurses, only boys can group up to be doctors. But Suzette’s own mother is a doctor. What is the most likely explanation of this discrepancy (conflicting pair of fact)

  • Suzette doesnâ€t really understand that her mother is doctor
  • Suzette was joking
  • Suzette was probably raised in an overprotective way, and thus has not imprinted on the actual reality of make and female occupational choices in our society
  • Suzette is at a developmental stage where she is recognizing and learning the general rules about male and female roles

Celibacy is

  • Having mutiple secual partners
  • Living alone
  • Refraining from sexual intercource (not doing it)
  • The same as serial monogamy

Financially, divorce tends to impact (affect negatively)

  • Only people in low-income marriages
  • The women more than man
  • Both the men and the women equally
  • The man more than the women

According to the three movie clips shown in class about children’s understanding of gender

  • Boys who wear swim goggles are likely to become comedians
  • Childrenâ€s upbringing rarely explains their stereotypical beliefs about what mothers and fathers do
  • Only the oldest children typically say that both mothers and father go work
  • Experimenters often accidentally suggest certain answers by the way they hold the male and female dolls in front of them
  • The youngest boys and girls often believe that they can change sex if they want to

The term homogamy refers to

  • Opposite attract
  • Polygamy
  • Gay marriage
  • Likely marrying like (birds of a feather flock together)

Where do adolescents get their information about sexuality? According to surveys of the adolescents themselves, it is most often from

  • Brothers and sisters
  • Parents
  • Friend
  • Sex eduction classes

Which is true regarding early childhood erections in boys and vsginal lubrication in girls

  • These response mark the beginning of freudâ€s phallic stage of development
  • These responses clearly indicate early sexual interest
  • These responses are reflexes (not under conscious control) and do not necessarily indicate sexual interest
  • These responses are one of the common ways by which children show affection for adults

Throughout most of history, love was not considered an important basis for marriage. The notion that marriage should be based on love become common in the

  • Nineteenth century
  • Sixteenth century
  • Seventeenth century
  • Fourteenth century

Punishing children for exploting their own genital or masturbatin may

  • Make it more liekly they will guilty about sex in adulthood
  • Destroy their chances of ever having a serious relationship in adulthood
  • Help them abstain from sex (be abstient; nit have sex) as an adolscent
  • Make it more likely that that have will grown up to be sexually responsible adults

According to the textbook, same-gender sexual behavior childhood

  • Is a result of gender confusion
  • May be more common than heterosuxual play
  • Probably has strong influence on adult sexual orientation
  • Happens very rarely

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