Madeleine Leiningers trans-cultural nursingMadeleine Leininger was a theorist in the field of nursing.
She developed the theory of trans-cultural nursing care.
The theory is also known as the culture care theory.
The theory is applied in the general practice area but can also be applied in the special category.
It is studied as one of the nursing disciplines.
The theory states that nurses need to recognize the role that culture plays in the health of a patient.
Further the culture background determines the kind of care and treatment that the patient gets.
The quality of care that nurses gives is also influenced by their cultural background.
Therefore when providing health care nurses should consider both their culture as well as that of patients.
This assessment that nurses need to carry out is referred to as culturalogical assessment.
After conducting the appraisal they can then use it to develop nursing- care plan.
The knowledge of culture is important in the practice.
First the nurse can be in a position to relate the patients culture with the illness they are suffering from.
With this knowledge it follows that the nurses can be able to provide the best care for patients.
Secondly the knowledge of culture influences the nurses commitment towards providing care to their patients.
Thirdly the knowledge of culture helps the nurses to look at the history of the patient while offering the care rather than considering them on the basis of just their signs of illness.
Nurses can open up their mind about the care they offer to patients.
They can offer unconventional treatments such as religious based treatments.
Hildegard Peplaus interpersonal relations theoryHildegard Peplau was a nursing theorist who developed the theory of interpersonal relations.
The theory is important since it contributed to the revolutionization of nursing academic work.
She spearheaded the way that led to humane treatment of people who have behavior disorders as well as personality disorders.
Her theory led to increased relationship that exists between nurses and patients.
In the theory she emphasized that the most important thing in offering health care is the nurse patient relationship.
It focuses on how the relationship between the two parties is built and developed.
While discharging their duties nurses need to well identify their roles.
There are four components exhibited by this theory.
The components are; person environment health as well as human processes.
The theory helps nurses to understand their own behavior.
It also helps them to use their professional skills.
This way nurses can help others identify their difficulties.
They can use the skills in problem solving
Nursing has a healing characteristic and hence it is therapeutic.
Nurses assist the patient recover from their difficulties.
In addition it involves a relationship between two or more people with a common aim.
It creates an interrelationship between these people since the nurses have to work together with the patients.
Nurses play the role of a stranger in executing their duties.
They meet patients and create rapport with them.
They also play the role of a teacher since they pass their knowledge in accordance with the patients requirements.
They act as resource personnel by proving the knowledge needed for patients.
They also act as psychotherapist when offering assistance as well as give confidence that the patients will recover.
They also play the role of surrogating.
Finally they play the role of a leader since they have to ensure that treatment goals have been achieved.
Dorothea Orem Self-Care Nursing TheoryDorothea Orem was a nursing theorist and the developer of the self-care nursing theory.
The theory is also referred to as the Orem Nursing Model.
It takes into consideration aspects and concepts that are applicable in all nursing situations.
It states that all patients should be assisted so that they can care for themselves.
According to the theory every patient wants to care for themselves.
Self care assists in quick recovery of the patients.
The manner with which self caring patients recovers is deemed to be fit and appropriate.
Self care prerequisites are grouped into three main areas.
The first requisites are the universal self care that comprises of the needs of everyone such as food.
The second requisite is the developmental self care.
This requisite have two sub- divisions namely; maturation requisite and the situational requisite.
The third requisite is the health deviation which refers to requirements specific to the patients condition.
Nurses are required to meet these prerequisites.
They should therefore make entire or incomplete reparation supportive modalities.
The theory is advantageous in that it can be used in various nursing circumstances.
It can also be used with various patients.
It is simple and applicable in many nursing set ups.
Nurses and patients ensure that care provision goals are attained as well as take care of themselves for quicker recovery.
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